Black Mountain College Project
 

   


STUDENT EXPERIENCE IN EXPERIMENTAL EDUCATION IN THE EARLY YEARS
(1933-43)

Introduction to the Sunley Project

     

INTRODUCTION TO THE SUNLEY PROJECT AND DOCUMENTS

Description of the Study by Robert Sunley
*   Letter to the Students
*   Guidelines
*   Brief Biographies of
    Contributors

*   Brief Biographies of
    Faculty Mentioned in
    the Memoirs
*

SECTION 1. ROLE OF THE ARTS

    Statement by Robert
    Sunley


The artistic process as
    a major goal.

*   Individual, active
    articipation was
    fostered but not
    required.
*   Focus on really “seeing”
    and “thinking” for
    oneself, not on the
    production of art.

Self-direction, self-
    discipline, initiative,
    development of the
    whole person....
The arts were diffused
    throughout the
    education ....    

  Brief Biographies of Faculty Mentioned

Albers, Anni. At BMC 1933-49. Taught Weaving and Textile Design. Educated at Bauhaus. Married to Josef Albers.

Albers, Josef. At BMC 1933-49. Taught Art. Student, then faculty at Bauhaus, 1920-1933. Famous abstract painter, colorist.

Babcock, Robert. At BMC 1940-42. Taught Political Science.

Barnes, Gerald. At BMC 1938-40. Taught Economics and Sociology. Ph.D., University of Michigan. Taught at various universities including Michigan, Beirut, Clark, Bard.

Barnes, Walter. At BMC 1938-41. Taught History. Brother of Gerald. Taught at University of California, Oregon, Smith.

Bentley, Eric. Taught at BMC 1942-44, history and drama. Ph.D. Yale. Taught at UCLA.

Boyden, Roland. At BMC 1941-42. Taught History. Was a lawyer and historian.

Carpenter, Richard. At BMC 1940-42. Taught Biology. Author of standard work on plant ecology. Died, 1942.

deGraaff, Franziska. At BMC 1941-44. Taught Languages and Linguistics. Doctorate, University of Leiden. Taught at Reed College.

Dreier, Theodore (Ted). At BMC 1933-49. Taught Physics and Mathematics. Trained as engineer, worked for General Electric. Taught at Rollins College 1930-333.

Evarts, John. At BMC 1933-42. Taught Music. Previously, music critic, studied music in New York and Germany.

French, John R.P. (Jack). At BMC 1940-42. Had graduated from BMC, received doctorate from Yale. Taught Psychology.

Gothe, Richard. At BMC 1940-41. Taught Economics and Sociology. Prior experience in organizing youth work camps. Secretary, Work Camps for America.

Jalowetz, Heinrich. At BMC 1939-46. Taught Music. Had been conductor in Europe, including Prague and Cologne, member of Schoenberg's inner circle. Forced out by Nazis. Died 1946.

Kocher, A. Lawrence. At BMC 1940-43. Taught Architecture, in charge of new building program. Experienced as architect, conservationist, editor of Architectural Record 1928-38.

Kurtz, Kenneth. At BMC 1938-44. Taught English and American Literature. Degrees from Yale, Oxford. Taught at Deep Springs and other colleges.

Lowinsky, Edward. At BMC 1942-47. Taught Music. Educated at Heidelberg University, professional pianist and musicologist. Refugee, fled to Holland, then U.S.

Mangold, Fred. At BMC 1934-42. Taught Romance Languages. Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. Had taught at Louisiana State, Colorado, Wisconsin.

Martin, Joseph. At BMC 1933-38. Taught English. Educated at Haverford and Oxford and Columbia.

Moellenhoff, Anna. At BMC 1935-39. Taught Biology and German. Physician in Germany. Wife of Fritz, German psychoanalyst, also taught at BMC, then at Menninger Clinic and Institute for Psychoanalysis in Chicago.

Portell-Vila, Herminio. At BMC 1935-38. Taught History. Had been professor, University of Havana until forced into exile by dictator.

Radin, Paul. At BMC 1941-44. Taught Anthropology. Was author of texts, known for studies of American Indian tribes.

Rice, John Andrew. At BMC 1933-39. Taught Classics. Educated at Tulane and Oxford. On faculty of Nebraska, Rollins College, and others.

Rosen, Nathan (Nate). At BMC 1940-41, 1949-50. Taught Physics. Worked with Albert Einstein at Institute for Advanced Studies.

Schawinsky, Xanti. At BMC 1936-38. Taught Art and Stage. At Bauhaus, 1924-29. Designer in Berlin, Zurich, Milan.

Sly, Allen. At BMC 1935-39. Taught Music. Educated in England, studied with Gustav Holst and Benjamin Dale, professional pianist and composer.

Straus, Erwin. At BMC 1938-44. Taught Psychology and Philosophy. Educated, advanced degrees in Germany; neurologist, on faculty of University of Berlin.

Wunsch, Robert. At BMC 1935-45. Taught English and Drama. Had taught at various high schools, then at Rollins College.

Zeuch, William. Taught at BMC 1935-37. Taught Economics. Had founded Commonwealth College, a labor school, in Arkansas; member of LLano colony in Louisiana.

SECTION 2. TEACHERS AND TEACHING

Introduction

Formal Aspects of the
Curriculum 

   Class Size 
   Grades    
   Advisors 
   Junior Division  
   Senior Division  
   Graduation

Methods of Teaching
   General

   John Andrew Rice 
   Josef Albers 
   Erwin Straus 
   Robert Wunsch 
   Others


Personalities of Faculty
  
John Rice  
   Josef Albers 
   Robert
Wunsch 
   Heinrich
Jalowetz  
   Others 

Outside the Classroom
   In General  
   The Work Program 
   Visitors -
   Trips 
   Drama 
   Interlude  
   Lectures, Concerts 
   Informal Interchange